Aromatic plants: Sea fennel Crithmum maritimum L.

Aromatic plants: Sea fennel Crithmum maritimum L.

Family: Ombrelliferae
Species: Crithmum maritimum L.


Perennial herb native to the European Mediterranean regions. In Italy it is widespread along the coastal areas.

Sea fennel (photo

Botanical characters

Rhizomatous plant, it has robust and branched stems up to 60 cm high. The leaves are alternate and succulent, 2-3 pinnate, with lamina divided into lanceolate segments. The inflorescences are in the shape of umbrellas with 20-30 rays that carry yellow-greenish flowers.


It easily spreads by seed. Thin out the plants if too thick. Adult plants can also be reproduced by division of tufts, in spring.

Collection and conservation

The tender leaves can be harvested throughout the growing season and eaten fresh.

Use in the kitchen and therapeutic properties

They are used to flavor fish, eggs, appetizers and salads.
Therapeutic properties: stimulants, aperitifs, digestives, diuretics, carminatives.

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